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  • Uploaded by Walter Raspo Grand Caballos Geneticists and equine Nutritionist from La pampa Argentina Equine Ranch and Research Grandes Caballos Spc
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The foot and leg conformation plays an important role in determining the speed of the horse, athletic ability, and if the stay healthy. The front legs bear more weight than the rear and are subject to more shock and stress. Many types of injuries are most common on the hands, where the conformation faults can have more serious consequences than the failure hind legs. The front legs or hands help push the horse with every step, and its conformation (from shoulder to helmets) LENGTH determined stride.

The most important function of the hands is to support the horse's weight, shock absorbing shock and raising the body for flying phase of each stride. THE MOST rugged construction is relatively straight hand with robust bone structure, large flat knees and joints nudo.Idealmente shapely hands of a horse should be straight, with your forearms directly above the rod at right angles to the floor when seen from the front or side. Both legs must support the weight equally, the toes should point forward, and helmets must be at the same distance, the distance that join hands to his chest. A line that falls from the shoulder point must fall to the center of the hands bisecting the forearm, knee, cane, articulation, the knot and falling casco.Una front line of the cross should go falling to the center hand (side view) and barely touching the heel of the foot, or being behind it.

If a line above the knot joint intersects the center of the cross, then the hands are installed too far back on the horse, who probably has a shoulder almost recto.La most horses are not perfectly correct, and some deviations are less dangerous than otras.Algunas failures can be tolerated if they are mild, this means that these failures do not reduce speed or health, and note if they are symmetrical on both legs. Keep in mind that few horses have all your bones and joints perfectly straight forward. And there are no two exactly iguales.Incluso hands on the same horse will be slight variations, rarely left hand with the right draw perfectly. Bone on one or both hands may be slightly offset in the knee joint or knot, or slightly rotated, or perhaps leave the joint in a slightly angled to the side, rather than being perfectly straight. Most importantly, allow assessment of righteousness (twisted) and determine how the structure of the hand affect speed, health, and agility caballo.Si hands are spaced a horse on the side of the foot that side of the shoulder or forearms The problem can start anywhere in the elbow joint knot. An elbow makes hand turned spinning out, (patachon). A broad-based structure is also found in horses with narrow or narrow chest. Most broad-based horses are flat feet, causing the foot, interference with the flight of both feet, reaching (hitting the opposite hand).


Most of the young, stepping out slightly, because they are narrow in the chest, usually become more upright as they grow, and fill, his chest is wider. Young flat feet are more apt to be straight when they grow compared with crooked, because filling the chest muscles will not change the instance of a horse walking towards adentro.En broad-based, the inside of the limb is under great stress , especially if the base is wide flat feet. Ligaments inside knot joints and the sheet is always under tension. Inflammation in the joint knot, usually occur if the horse works hard. . joint capsules and tendon sheaths may be interrupted and be filled with extra fluid. Calcification may occur in the inside of the foot. The inner side of the knee joint and shank suffer more stress and shock, causing the horse to develop sobrehueso on the inside of the leg. Additionally, the helmet is worn excessively inwardly. Horses generally flat feet stretching your foot inward, whether they are broad or narrow base basis, collecting the foot inward. A few horses are broad-based and crooked, which puts more stress on the lower extremity. These horses are seldom healthy.


A narrow base horse whose feet are too close together, often have large muscles, and a broad chest, and as a result the structure is usually accompanied by crooked feet. This puts stress on the joints and leads to calcification and bone on the outside of the foot. The hoof wall is worn excessively on the outer edge, because the foot breaks over the tread on the outside and land harder on the outside.


Horses crooked narrow base, usually row when they run, meaning they swing their feet outward. In this way they create a lot of loss of motion as the lower limb and foot is throwing out at every stride, which decreases speed and agility. A horse is crooked and wide rowed base or narrow base. Few horses are standing flat narrow base, putting even more strain on the legs below the joint of the knot. Often will limp if they are hard. The narrow base horse flat feet is generally the same because his foot hit fly in and are very close to start over.

The horse could also braid your step, putting one foot ahead of the other, leaving footprints on a line instead of two. This creates a poor balance and instability. And if the advance of the front foot hits the other leg, m the horse could stumble. If the misalignment of the leg bones, or joints (elbow, knee, and knots) can cause movement of the fingers inside or outside. Flat feet or crooked is the result and not the cause of twisted structures up the leg.


The Horse arm bone, called the humerus, elbow to shoulder far. The length and angle of this bone, influence and action of the front leg stride and determines how strongly the elbow and leg joints can bend and how far you can stretch the entire leg when the horse was movimiento.Si the humerus is long, gives MORE STRENGTH AND POWER, resulting in more lever, the muscles together. The extra length increases the range of motion in the leg, creating a larger arc at the end of bone marrow elbow. A large humerus is desirable for speed, but it should not be disproportionately large compared to the shoulder blade, or this will make relatively short shoulder muscles that restrict upper arm movement and create a short and choppy stride.

The desirable length of the humerus should be of the order of 50 to 60% of the length of the shoulder blade. This puts the elbow beneath the facade of the cross. When the humerus is greater than 60%, then it limits the freedom of action. A smaller arm bone is usually flatter by the arm angle less than 90%. This increases the shock to the leg, due to small stutter step, or agitated. This construction is not a detriment to a drive forward a sprinters. But a horse with this conformation usually tired if trying to maintain a high speed for a long time.For the best speed and stamina, the flue should not be quite flat or cramp the movement of the elbow and leg swing. The angle between the humerus and shoulder blade should be the same as the angle between the pelvic and femoral. A LONG, ANGLE GOOD SHOULDER IS USUALLY ACCOMPANIED BY A RELATIVELY MORE VERTICAL FLUE, A SHORT WHILE AND STEEP VA SHOULDER HAND WITH A LONGER AND MORE FLUE HORIZONTAL.

A long forearm muscles longer and allows small tendons, creating better leverage for leg movement faster and with less awkwardness. While longer forearm biggest bow you can do, resulting in a long stride ... if the arm is small should do more total movements in the same amount of time, but the strides are smaller and the horse must work more intensively - moving his legs faster, in order to maintain speed.


The knee should be large and flat in front, and well proportioned. A small and pinched knee is not desirable because it hinders the free play. A knee that is too small also increases the effect of shock, a flat front gives a smooth surface for the extensor tendons glide over, when they are sitting up in each stride.

The knee should be in line with the forearm and shank. If the rod is installed much earlier, rather more than centralized under the knee, the horse is called (back at the knee) and the front legs appear concave when viewed from the side. But tension is released to the tendons in each stride, which can lead to injuries if the horse is worked hard.

This type of structure also creates more excitement and over-extension of the joint (towards the back) the horse is at risk of carpal fractures. The opposite fault is over at the knees (knee Buck). With the leg bent forwards looking slightly knee. This may be an inherited or due to formation of the ligament injury work or too much stress on the structure in back at the knees. A knee Buck severely affected knee in the horse is likely to fall, because the knee sag faster forward. A horse that is outside your knees (bowed when we see them from the front) often has a narrow base and are crooked, this puts extra stress on the external ligament of the knee, the inner portion of the knee bone, and outer portion of the joint capsule. A horse has adentradas knees or bow-legged, have knees too close together. The outer corner of the bottom of the leg may have an instance of flatfoot, putting pressure on the leg and joints in the opposite direction.

Other deviations from good conformation of the leg, when we see the side, include attachment of the knee, occurs when the flexor tendon is too close to the cane, just behind and below the knee and inhibit free movement. This gap usually means that the tendons are too small and not as strong as they should be. The ability to leverage the muscles above the knee decreases, since the tendons are internally pushing against the back of the knee instead of having a push straight down on the back of the leg.


The shank provides support and should be perfectly straight up and down when we see it from the side, front or back. The muscles in the forearm continue to decline as long tendons to flex or extend the lower leg. An athletic horse has relatively long forearm and short rods for better leverage. If the cane and associated tendons are too long, there will be more stress on the tendons and they will be more prone to injury. The leg muscles get tired faster when work is hard because there is less muscle (forearm) to do the job and more weight on the bottom of the leg. The cane should be broad when viewed from the side, rather more than small and round. A lower part of the leg with good bone have much depth up front to back, this term describes the bone and tendon, the tendon behind the cane, something i el.Si beside the tendon and bone are too close together (a condition called round bone) there is much friction between moving parts, and the leg will not hold very well.


The joint between the rod and the knot should be wide from every angle - slightly rounded in front, but firm and flat on all sides. The joint should be in line with the rod up and down the knot. The knots must have a moderate decline, with adequate length da ry dissipate shock. Too much drop, however puts a lot of stress on the sesamoids in the back of the joint and makes a weak knot, maybe go clear to the ground when the horse gets tired during strenuous exercise. If the knot is not very fall, the horse will have a busy and discordant step, and increase shock damage your feet and legs.

A knot is too long reduces the velocity potential in the horse, because it takes longer to fall at every step, and put your foot off the floor. Too short a knot is almost always too straight, creating a jack or hammering effect. A good rule is that the knot too short if less than half of the cane, this would increase the risk of injury from shock and also create a corto.Muchos stride coaches believe that a knot short is an advantage for propulsion, especially for fast output, but a short fall knot should have enough to absorb conmoción.Un manejase horse can usually pretty good with knots that are short and steep or long and steep. But the opposite (short and steep or long and inclined) usually cause problems